Mozart, WA :: Divertimento No. 5 in C Major, K. Anh 229 (439b)

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  • $8.78
  • $9.75, save $0.97
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  • Composer
    Mozart, WA
  • Instrumentation
    Woodwind Trio
  • Publisher
    International Music Company (IMC) []
  • Editor
    Kraber, Karl F
  • Orchestration
    fl, cl, bsn
  • Includes CD or Audio Download
    No
  • Classification
    Not Applicable
  • Genre
    Undefined
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Divertimento No. 5 in C Major, K. Anh 229 (439b)

Mozart, WA

International Music Company presents Amadeus Mozart's Divertimento No. 5 in C Major, K. 229 (439b) for Flute, Clarinet and Bassoon (parts only) edited by Karl F. Kraber.

'Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756, the son of a court musician who, in the year of his youngest child's birth, published an influential book on violin-playing, Leopold Mozart rose to occupy the position of Vice-Kapellmeister to the Archbishop of Salzburg, but sacrificed his own creative career to that of his son, in whom he detected early signs of precocious genius, With the indulgence of his patron, he was able to undertake extended concert tours of Europe in which his son and elder daughter Nannerl were able to astonish audiences. The boy played both the keyboard and the violin and could improvise and soon write down his own compositions.

The childhood that had brought Mozart signal success was followed by a less satisfactory period of adolescence largely in Salzburg under the patronage of a new and less sympathetic Archbishop. Like his father, Mozart found opportunities far too limited at home, while chances of travel were now restricted. In 1777, when leave of absence was not granted, he gave up employment in Salzburg to seek a future elsewhere, but neither Mannheim nor Paris, both musical centres of some importance, had anything for him. His Mannheim connections, however, brought a commission for an opera in Munich in 1781, but after its successful staging he was summoned by his patron to Vienna. There Mozart's dissatisfaction with his position resulted in a quarrel with the Archbishop and dismissal from his service.

The last ten years of Mozart's life were spent in Vienna in precarious independence of both patron and immediate paternal advice, a situation aggravated by an imprudent marriage Initial success in the opera-house and as a performer was followed, as the decade went on, by increasing financial difficulties. By the time of his death in December 1791, however, his fortunes seemed about to change for the better, with the success of the German opera 'Die Zauberflote' and the possibility of increased patronage.

The attribution of the Five Divertimentos, K. 439b to Mozart has been questioned by some scholars. There is no surviving autograph and no reference to the 25 pieces in Mozart's own catalogue of his compositions. They have, however, been identified with the 'still unknown Trios for basset horn' mentioned by the composer's widow, Constanze, in a letter of 31st May, 1800 to the publisher Johann Anton Andre. There she alleges that the clarinettist Anton Stadler had various manuscripts and copies of Trios for basset-horns in his possession but claims that they have been stolen, while she has heard that the box containing these and other items has, in fact, been pawned.

The Five Divertimentos in C major into which Mozart's 25 short pieces have been grouped each have five movements. It has been suggested that there is less coherence about the movements assembled for the fifth Divertimento, and it is this that has led to speculation about Mozart's possible intentions. There is a moving opening Adagio, a sprightly Minuet and Trio, both in the same key, with the latter largely underpinned by a repeated note in the bass, a peasant dance, A gentle Adagio here precedes a Romance, with a middle section that finds room for more activity in the accompanying parts, before the return of the main theme, The last piece is a lively F major Polonaise, which ends somewhat abruptly.'

- Keith Anderson

  • Composer
    Mozart, WA
  • Instrumentation
    Woodwind Trio
  • Publisher
    International Music Company (IMC) []
  • Editor
    Kraber, Karl F
  • Orchestration
    fl, cl, bsn
  • Includes CD or Audio Download
    No
  • Classification
    Not Applicable
  • Genre
    Undefined

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